Bottom-up processing is not thought to be a very efficient way to approach a text initially, and is often contrasted with top-down processing, which is thought to be more efficient. Example Asking learners to read aloud may encourage bottom-up processing because they focus on .
A phonics approach to teaching reading supports bottom-up processes. Phonics is a method to facilitate students' access to text to ultimately lead to comprehension. Top-down strategies (or processing): Top-down strategies instruction focuses on activities that construct meaning rather .
Generally speaking, there are two approaches to understanding the process of perception. These are the top-down processing and the bottom-up processing. What .
Top-down processing of language happens when someone uses background information to predict the meaning of language they are going to listen to or read. Rather than relying first on the actual words or sounds (bottom up), they develop expectations about what they will hear or read, and confirm or reject these as they listen or read. Top-down processing is thought to be an effective way of.