Mar 30, · There are two kinds of holes in the heart. One is called an atrial septal defect (ASD), and the other is a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Although both are holes in the wall of tissue (septum) between the left and right upper chambers of the heart (atria), their causes are quite different.
A foramen ovale is a hole in the heart. The small hole naturally exists in babies who are still in the womb for fetal circulation. It should close soon after birth. If it doesn’t close, the Author: Mary Ellen Ellis.
A layer of tissue called the septum primum acts as a valve over the foramen ovale during fetal development. After birth, the pressure in the right side of the heart drops as the lungs open and begin working, causing the foramen ovale to close entirely. In about 25% of adults Specialty: Cardiac surgery.
In about 25% of adults the foramen ovale does not close completely, but remains as a small patent foramen ovale ("PFO"). In most of these individuals, the PFO causes no problems and remains undetected throughout eazye.info: D